The Battle of Vienna

The Battle of Vienna took place on September 11 and 12, 1683, and ended a two-month siege placed by the Turkish army on the city of Vienna.

This pitched battle was fought by the Polish-Austrian-German army against the army of the Ottoman Empire. On the battlefield the Ottoman Turks left behind after their retreat, in addition to cannons, camels, horses and gold; many sacks of coffee. The commanders of the victorious army not knowing what to do with those sacks gave them all to the Pole Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki, who carried out espionage activities by trafficking with the Turks in coffee sacks, but actually providing the Polish command with news about the dislocation of Turkish troops and their movements.